Introduction to Jaipur:
The city of Jaipur is capital
to the northern Indian state of Rajasthan, famous for its
colorful culture, forts, palaces, and lakes. Jaipur would
have been a part of the Thar Desert but for the protection
afforded by the Aravali Hills that form a barrier on one
side. Jaipur is around 258 km from Delhi, 232 km from Agra,
350 km from Gwalior, 405 km from Udaipur, and 1,202 km from
Like most other
north Indian cities, Jaipur too has extreme climate. The summers
can be very hot with mercury crossing 45°C, whereas winters are
chilly and the temperature can fall below 5°C.
The royal city
of Jaipur owes its name to the founder of the city. It was the
great warrior king Sawai Jai Singh II (1693–1743) who laid the
foundation of the city in 1627. He was one of the few kings of his
time having a keen eye for details and a very good scientific
mind. The city was well planned, structured, and had one of the
best drinking water systems in the medieval world.
Being capital to
the northern Indian state of Rajasthan, the city is mirror to
every thing that Rajasthan signifies, be its culture, tradition,
society, and, most important, the people.The old city of Jaipur
has neat and broadly laid-out avenues, all painted pink, and that
gives a magical glow to the city, especially in the evenings.
Jaipur offers a plethora
of touristic attractions to the traveller. The City Palace in the
heart of Jaipur is known for its blend of Rajasthani and Mughal
architecture. Not far away is the Central Museum with its large
collection of woodwork, jewellery, costumes, brassware, and
pottery. Another monument near the City Palace, Jantar Mantar, is
the largest of the five observatories built by Sawai Jai Singh.
The Hawa Mahal or the Palace of Winds was constructed for the
royal ladies to watch the royal processions without being seen.
Amber Fort, situated just outside the city, is perhaps the most
beautiful example of Rajasthani forts and gives a grand view of
the city down below. Other attractions include the Jaigarh Fort,
Birla Mandir, and Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh.